中國茶區Chinese Tea Planting Area
Chinese tea has a long history and is produced all over the country. In the long history of tea production, wise and hardworking Chinese people have invented a variety of production techniques according to local conditions. Various types of teas have gradually come into existence due to different origins and varieties of tea trees. Nowadays, we generally divide the Chinese tea into six categories, each with its unique range of origin. Here is a brief introduction about the six categories of tea.
The Chinese tea area is distributed in a wide range of 18 to 37 degrees north latitude and 94 to 122 degrees east longitude, covering hundreds of counties (cities) in 19 provinces. It spans six climatic zones, namely the mid-tropical zone, the marginal tropics, the southern subtropical zone, the mid-subtropical zone, the northern subtropical zone and the warm temperate zone. There are significant differences in soil, water, heat and vegetation. In the vertical distribution, tea trees are planted at a height of up to 2,600 meters above sea level, and the lowest is only tens of meters or 100 meters above the sea level, which also constitutes differences in soil, water, heat, and ground objects. Geographical differences have a great impact on the growth of tea trees and the development of tea production.
In addition to the above factors, the production of tea is also affected by cultivation history, labor, social economy, techniques, transportation, tea drinking customs, and living standards.
In different regions, different types and varieties of tea trees are planted, which determines the quality of tea and the adaptability of tea production, forming the current tea categories. Now we generally divide Chinese tea into six categories. Each category has its own planting region. Here we will introduce the distribution of the six major categories of tea.